The word peridot comes from the Arabic ‘faridat’, which means ‘gem.’ Most peridot formed deep inside the earth and found its way to the surface via volcanic action, as indeed did diamonds. Traditionally associated with light, the Egyptians referred to it as the ‘gem of the sun’. Some believed that it protected its owner from ‘terrors of the night’, especially when it was set in gold, others that it would ward off evil spirits.
Major mining areas are found in Burma, Pakistan, the USA and China although it can be found in various other countries including Norway, which mines slightly paler coloured stones with real lime hues.
Description: Peridots are the gem quality variety of the mineral Olivine and are prized for their intense green colour and life; they are found in Burma.
Hardness: 6.5 – 7 on Mohs Scale