This is where a pattern, design, writing or monogram is cut into metal using a sharp tool. Is the process of cutting into metal (though also stones and glass) to produce an image, pattern or written inscription with a sharp tool. Hand engraving and deep engraving are the most traditional forms of this art, achieved with a sharp tool called a scorper, by an engraver. This can take the form of a few words and dates, as on a trophy, through to the most complicated scenes and images.
Hand Engraving – At this level engraving is a true art form and engravers true artists.
Machine Engraving – Various machines are used for this from what is almost a dentist’s drill through to a wheel (much used in glass engraving). Although inexpensive and reasonably effective with modern techniques, this has none of the depth or artistry of hand engraving.
Engine Turning – Is as it sounds and is used to give the very geometric patterns used on old-fashioned cigarette cases and still much used for the background to transparent enamelling.
Laser Engraving – Gives a very quick and inexpensive but also very shallow finish.
Etching – The process by which metal is taken away to leave metal (or other materials) standing proud. This can be achieved by hand by talented engravers or by photo or acid etching.